The Algarve is a region, constitutes the most important tourist region of Portugal and one of the most important in Europe. Its Mediterranean temperate climate characterised by mild winters and short Summers and long, hot and dry, warm and calm waters that bathe its South coast, its natural landscapes, historic and ethnographic heritage and delicious and healthy food are attributes that attract millions of domestic and foreign tourists every year.

The Algarve abuts the North by the Alentejo region to the South and West by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the East the Guadiana river marks the border with Spain. The highest point is located in the serra de Monchique

The western Algarve area is designated by the Eastern Windward and Leeward by. With this Division can register a clear mirror effect between the two zones. Each of these zones has 8 municipalities and one city said, each of which has a saw important the FOIA, the Windward and the Leeward, Cauldron, rivers with similar importance the Arade on the Windward and Leeward in the Guadiana. A main hospital in each zone ensures health care throughout the Algarve. In terms of infrastructure, the airport's International zone and the Autódromo Internacional in another.

One of the main distinctive features of the Algarve region is its climate. The climatic conditions that common sense assigns to the Algarve climate generally can be found in all its splendor, a set of basic features summary climate region long summers and warm, mild winters and short, concentrated rainfall in autumn and winter, reduced the annual number of days with precipitation and high number of hours of sunshine per year. The average annual temperature in the Algarve is higher than Continental Portugal and one of the highest of the Iberian Peninsula around 18° C, the entire region of the Algarve has a temperate Mediterranean, tropical nights (nights with minimum temperature equal to or greater than 20° C) are frequent during the summer period.